Topic: Hypertension, General, Maternal & Women’s Health, Consequences of high blood pressure.
Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is a common medical condition that affects so many people. In maternal health, hypertension is important in so many ramifications.
This is a medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated. This condition is deadly and termed a silent killer, because it usually does not cause symptoms.
Long term high blood pressure, however, is a major risk factor for coronary artery disease, stroke, heart failure, peripheral vascular disease, vision loss, and chronic kidney disease.
Uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to stroke by damaging and weakening your brain’s blood vessels, causing them to narrow, rupture or leak.
High blood pressure can also cause blood clots to form in the arteries leading to your brain, blocking blood flow and potentially causing a stroke.
Stroke is a very common consequence of poorly or uncontrolled HBP.
High blood pressure can also harden your arteries, which decreases the flow of blood and oxygen to your heart and lead to heart disease.
In addition, decreased blood flow to the heart can cause:
▪ Chest pain, also called angina.
▪ Heart failure, a condition when your heart can’t pump enough blood and oxygen to your other organs.
▪ Heart attack can also occur, when the blood supply to your heart is blocked and heart muscle begins to die without enough oxygen. The longer the blood flow is blocked, the greater the damage to the heart.
▪ Adults with diabetes, high blood pressure, or both have a higher risk of developing chronic kidney disease than those without these diseases. Approximately 1 of 3 adults with diabetes and 1 of 5 adults with high blood pressure have chronic kidney disease.